Report on the ecological agriculture development of Nanchang city
Ecological agriculture is a mode of production that features rational exploitation and utilization of agricultural resources to promote sustainable development and virtuous cycle of production. As the capital city of Jiangxi province, Nanchang is the center of politics, economy, culture, science, information and transportation. It locates in the northern part of Jiangxi province, with Gan River, Fu River and Poyang Lake nearby. Nanchang has luxuriant natural resources that are contributive to the development of ecological agriculture, such as abundant water resources, diversified landscape, distinctive seasons, mild climate, plenty rainfall, profuse sunlight, soil condition, etc. Over the years, our city has made great efforts to develop ecological agriculture and built a modern agricultural system that features sustainable utilization of resources and the protection of environment. This system also emphasizes a lot on the production of environment-friendly commodities and the application of green rice technology and a combined technology of stockbreeding, farming and ecology-utilizing. A general report on the eco-agricultural development of our city is as follows:
Current situation of the eco-agricultural development of Nanchang.
During the past few years, we have taken great efforts to deepen the concept of eco-agriculture and highlight innovation so as to make sure of the implementation and possible breakthrough. A favorable situation is carried out that captures consistent recognition, scientific administration and gradual growing investment of the eco-agricultural concept. We are confident that such a situation will promote the fast development of eco-agricultural building of our city. The development can be seen from four aspects:
(1). Further improvement of eco-agricultural environment
In 2007, the total amount of organic fertilizer in the city is 2,330,000 tons which only constitute 14% of total fertilizer. The pesticide amount is 9018 tons, 90% of which are chemical ones. The plastic sheeting of the year is 4800 tons. The pollutant discharge of animal excrement is 1,452,000 tons, resulting in 16,808,800 tons of polluted water, 97.2% of which is discharged into rivers, ponds or farming land untreated. Only 2.8% of the pollutant water has been treated before discharge. The irrational usage of fertilizer, high-toxic chemical pesticides, residues on the plastic sheeting, together with the excrement of livestock and poultry all bring a severe impact on the eco-agricultural environment of the city. Over the past few years, we have tried everything in our power to improve the situation earlier mentioned. We enact new policies, strengthen administration, promote fertilizing recipes according to specific soil conditions and develop firedamp-utilizing. We also carry out surveys on possible agricultural pollutants, sent technicians to farming land for research purposes, instruct farmers to use fertilizer, pesticide and plastic sheeting rationally. We encourage them to increase the use of organic fertilizer and reduce the environmental pollution as much as possible. By the end of 2008, there are 39,000 households in our city that keep a firedamp pond, with an annual production of firedamp as much as 11,500,000 cubic meters. These firedamp ponds can offer domestic energy for 170,000 people in the village every year. These ponds treat 450,000 tons of excrement and 200,000 tons of polluted water, turning pollutants into 10,000,000 plus tons of liquid organic fertilizer annually. The direct economic benefits are 20,000,000 RMB each year.
(2) Further promote eco-agricultural technologies
The four counties in the city all take part in the project of making fertilizing recipes according to different soil conditions in order to build up a reasonable fertilizing system. We strongly promote green fertilizers, such as farmyard manure, compound fertilizer, organic fertilizer and micro-organic fertilizer. We encourage the farmers to reduce fertilizing amount on the premise of the quantity and quality of the produce. At the same time, we also widely popularize the modes of “pig-firedamp-fruits”, “pig-firedamp-vegetables”, and “pig-firedamp-fish”. We combine duck-raising and rice-growing together, promote automatic protection against insects, bio-pesticide, and green rice technology with bio-fertilizer at its core. Through all these methods, we realize the combination of plantation, husbandry and fishing. We also give full play to the different resources and species through food chain networking and changing waste into resources. All these efforts contribute to the building of a virtuous circle and the sustainable development of agriculture so as to realize the unity of economic, social and ecological benefits.
(3) Further transformation of production modes
We encourage scaled, standardized, industrialized cultivation to rationalize agricultural structure, ecologize technology gradually and update our products continuously. By the end of 2008, we have 3960 pig-breeders and 1004 poultry breeders that can produce 100 newborns. We also set up 185 standardized poultry raising districts. Aquatic breeding occupies 820,000 mu with special aquatic products of 80,000 tons. We set up an environment friendly aquaculture base of 400,000 mu. The vegetable farming land is 678,000 mu and the output of commercial vegetables is 967,000 tons for the city.
(4) Further upgrade the quality of produce
Ever since 2003, our city has carried on the authentication of environment friendly produce. As the program of “environment friendly food action” spreads out, the authentication of environment friendly produce and products has got on the right track of “unified, simple and efficient regulations”. The certification of manufacturing location and the authentication of products have developed fast. By the end of 2008, the city has witnessed successful declaration of 305 green food labels, 67 environment friendly manufacturing locations, 83 kinds of environment friendly produce, which include 46 kinds of crop products, 27 livestock products and 17 aqua-products. The amount of environment friendly produce amounts to 195,000 tons, about 1.2% of the produce output of the whole city. Besides, there are two products winning “China’s famous product” title and 18 winning “Jiangxi famous product” title.
The goals of eco-agricultural development of Nanchang
By 2015, we have 500 products that get the accumulative authentication of environment friendly products, 300 manufacturing locations and 350 green product labels. There are 50,000 more households that keep firedamp ponds. We build up 3,000,000 mu production base and the spreading of taking fertilizing recipes according to different soil conditions is above 90%. The rate of fertilizer utilization is increased by 15%. The organic content of soil is increased by 20%. The straw utility ratio reaches 70% and above. We have set up 500,000 mu aqua-production base, which is 55% of the whole aqua-breeding area of the city. The vegetable base of the city develops into 230,000 mu with environment friendly vegetable base over 100,000 mu.
Take specific measures to develop eco-agriculture in Nanchang
Strengthen the work of organization and propaganda to promote the ecological awareness of all citizens
We should raise the ecological awareness of all citizens and implement the scientific outlook on development with the “people-oriented” idea at the core. We should further recognize the necessity, importance and urgency of building ecological agriculture, ecological city and agricultural cyclic economy. We should strengthen our sense of responsibility and sense of calling to attach equal importance to the protection of ecological resources as to the development of economy. We should set up incentive policies and regulations, draw up ways of rewards and punishments, strongly promote license system and take every method to carry out the publication and education of ecological environment knowledge so as to raise citizens’ awareness of ecological environment and agricultural cycling.
Increase IT investment and boost agricultural cyclic construction through technological innovation
We should incessantly promote innovation of agricultural technology, take great efforts to cultivate productive, high-quality, green and safe species, set up ecological agriculture base, exploit high-yield, cost-efficient stereo cultivation technology, cultural technology, processing technology, fertilizing technology, sustained yield of land technology, integrated pest control technology, rural clean energy and energy efficient technology, comprehensive improvement of agricultural environmental pollution and pollutant treatment technology, eco-friendly products manufacturing technology, transgenic technology and information technology. We should build up in mind that ecology is a productive force and hopefully set up a bracing technology system that fuels sustainable development.
Scientific planning, taking actions that suit local circumstances and search for an agricultural cyclic mode of economic development
We should pay attention to the natural conditions, social and economic features, agricultural resources, and ecological environment during the process of drawing the cyclic agricultural plan. This plan must help improve ecological environment, realize efficient and cyclic utilization of resources. We should rely on scaled, standardized and industrialized agricultural production. We should emphasize on the production of eco-friendly and organic foods so as to push cyclic development of agricultural economy. We should also strongly promote the base construction of eco-friendly materials, actively assist leading enterprises and highly promote produce-processing companies. We should expand the production of eco-friendly produce, green food and organic food to win initial success by “ecology card”, “green card”, “feature card”, and “moral card”. We can use the famous brand to compete in the market and increase the capacity of earning foreign exchange, and to increase the market share of produce, both domestic and abroad.
Set up eco-agricultural park and develop distinctive eco-agriculture
We should learn after Nanchang Jiang Lane modern agricultural model park, Yellow Horse “Two Rivers” ecological agricultural veranda, Nanchang general modern agricultural technological model park, Jiangxi (Anyi) modern agricultural model park, Jiangxi Guohong eco-friendly pig-raising model park and Jinxin Army eco-friendly steamed crab standard model park to speed up the process of standard popularization. We should actively lead the peasantry in these parks to cultivate and breed according to the standard. We should also mobilize leading enterprises and cooperative association to help lead peasantry so as to highly promote the implementation of standardized agricultural production.